Notas sobre plantas brasileiras. This plant has also shown … 3. The species also has potential use in controlling other pests. Jaccoud, R.J.S. It is a tropical plant commonly found … The fruit is an achene with an aristate pappus and is easily dispersed by wind. Agr. Subspecies latifolium is found in all the Americas and subsp. Economic and other uses. Lam, C.H., J.K. Lim, and B. Jantan. perata (Sand paper Leaf), Boerhaavia diffusa (Hog weed), and Ageratum conyzoides (Goat weed) have been used for infections including wound infections in many West African countries like Nigeria. The use of this species in traditional medicine is extensive in Brazil. Search for precocenes in Ageratum conyzoides Linn. In Africa, A. conyzoidesis used to treat fever, rheumatism, headache, colic, wounds caused by burns, dyspepsia, eye problem, uterine disorders and pneumonia. (Asteraceae) to assess the antibacterial potential against human pathogenic bacteria under in vitro condition. Efficacy of pyrethrins extracted from Dysodia tennifolius and Ageratum conyzoides against larvae of Anopheles stephensi. GENERAL USES: The plant can be use … Other Citrus spiders populations, Phyllocoptruta oleivora and Brevipalpus phoenicis were decreased with maintenance of A. conyzoides in the orchards and a reduction of leprosy virus was noted (Gravena et al. Jha, S. and M. Dhakal. 28(4):3437. The plant are employed as Ecuatorial Guinea & Tanzania as remedy por epilepsy. Characteristics and modes of origin of weeds. 1991. Raja, S.S., A. Singh, and S. Rao. Bras. 58:688. and A.C. Nwachuku. Res. Seeds are positively photoblastic, and viability is often lost within 12 months (Marlks and Nwachuku 1986; Ladeira et al. Ageratum conyzoides is a common annual herbaceous weed belonging to the family Compositae and has a long history of traditional medicinal use . A. conyzoides is an annual erect herb reported as an invasive, noxious weed in agricultural lands and as a coloniser of open fields and degraded areas, causing crop yield reductions and affecting biodiversity ( 1993. Contribuição para o estudo formacognóstico do Ageratum conyzoides L. Rev. 42(11/12):17797. Ann. 15(1):6774. There are some small pharmaceutical companies in Brazil using A. conyzoides as a raw material for phytochemicals. Ageratum conyzoideshas bioactive activity that may have agricultural use, as shown by several research investigations in different countries. and N.B. 1986. Brasília. (Jaccoud 1961). Ageratum … billygoat weed (Ageratum conyzoides) has only a few hairs on the bracts surrounding its flower-heads (i.e. Horie, T., H. Tominaga, and Y. Kawamura. Ageratum conyzoides was originally introduced as a garden plant (and probably as a contaminant with other garden plant seeds) is widely utilised in traditional medicine systems wherever it grows (Okunade 2002). (1988) identified 51 terpenoid compounds, including precocene I and precocene II. Species: Ageratum conyzoides (L.) L.. Eppo_code: AGECO. Benth. Rev. Soc. Bioka, D., F.F. 1985. Ageratum conyzoides has been reported as a natural herbicide for weed control in paddy fields (Xuan et al., 2004). Shabana et al. leaf extract of Ageratum conyzoides on haematological indices in rats and to subsequently evaluate whether its ethnopharmacological uses particularly management of pneumonia, fever and rheumatism may have side effects such as destruction of blood cells, which is common with the use of most chemotherapeutics agents. In: Programa de pesquisas de plantas medicinais: Primeiros resultados. Magalhaes et al. Garcia. The antibiogram profiles of both S. aureus and P. aeruginosa were determined using disc diffusion method. Choudhuri. style branches) that are about 5 mm long. Pedobiologia 38(2):125137. of Ageratum conyzoides L. leaf extract was used in phytochemically tested to identify the secondary metabolite of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, and polyphenols . Aberta, Fortaleza, 27. Vera, R. 1993. ; A. coeruleum Desf. Australasian Beekeeper 94:453464. 1987. Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) is an aromatic, annual herb and cosmopolitan weed commonly known as billygoat weed or goat weed and is typically found in cultivated fields and other disturbed ecosystems. Indian Society Weed Science Int. Ramanujam. Ageratum pinetorum (L.O.Williams) R.M.King & H.Rob. Mensah et al. Jha and Dhakal (1990) in Nepal, reported that an aqueous extract of the aerial part or roots of this species (15 g of aerial part or 3 g of roots in 100 ml of water, during 24 h) inhibited germination of wheat and rice seeds while Prasad and Srivastava (1991) in India, reported a lower germination index in peanut seeds with aqueous extract. Vyas, A.V. Chromenes form Ageratum conyzoides. Poir. The basic chromosome number is 2n = 20 but natural tetraploids are found. Ageratum microcarpum (Benth. Achola, K.J., R.W. 1988. 1988. The database and code is licensed under a Planter 69:525535. Bandotan spread in some areas in Indonesia was and had several different names for each area, including: babadotan (Sundanese), wedusan (Java) and so on. The soaps are used as toiletries and also employed as the basis for a number of herbal formulations intended for topical applications on ulcers, lesions, and skin infections (Moody, Adebiyi, & Adeniyi, 2004). and S. Neelangini. 32:388390. Leaves … Ageratum is derived from the Greek "a geras," meaning non-aging, referring to the longevity of the flowers or the whole plant. Ageratum, is classified into two species, Ageratum latifolium and A. conyzoides.A. 1994. ; A. hirsutum Lam. 1988. Weed Science Int. The disc diffusion method was used. (1993) and Menut et al. Leaves of Ageratum conyzoides (a) and A. houstonianum (b).|Leaves of Ageratum conyzoides (a) and A. houstonianum (b). Araújo Penna Filhos, Rio de Janeiro. 50(1):2937. conyzoides leaf extracts have been shown to exert anti-inflammatory activity in several in vivo models [7-9]. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Morphine alkaloids are powerful pain relievers and narcotics (induces sleep or drowsiness). (1991) showed activity of this species against Musca domestica larvae, using whole plant hexane extract. The inflorescence contain 30 to 50 pink flowers arranged as a corymb and are self-incompatible (Jhansi and Ramanujam 1987; Kaul and Neelangini 1989; Ramanujam and Kalpana 1992; Kleinschimidt 1993). 61:493494. Ageratum conyzoides is native to Tropical America, especially Brazil. Marques-Neto, J.F., A. Lapa, and M. Kubota. The present study was conducted in four different solvent extracts of Ageratum conyzoides (Linn.) Anim. Article Metrics Views 11. (1993) reported effective analgesic action in rats using aqueous extract of A. conyzoides leaves (100 to 400 mg/kg). The leaves of A. conyzoides are opposite, 20-100 mm long, 5-50 mm wide, on hairy petioles 5-75 mm long, broadly ovate, with a rounded or narrowed acute base and an acute or obtuse or sometimes acuminate tip and toothed margins. J. Indian Appl. florets) which make up the flower-heads have two long and narrow projections (i.e. Pyrethrum Post. Menut, C., S. Sharma, and C. Luthra. 5:129130. Trigo, J.R., S. Campos, and A.M. Pereira. 17:355358. Civilização Brasileira, Rio de Janeiro. Effects of Ageratum conyzoides extracts on the developmental stages of malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae). Raja et al (1987), using A. conyzoides methanolic extract from fresh leaves (250 and 500 ppm) in the fourth instar of Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae), a sorghum pest, observed the presence of a dark stain in the insects' cuticle and immature pupae formation, both symptoms of deficiency of juvenile hormone. Colony nutrition on the Atherton tableland. Pereira in 1929, cited by Jaccoud (1961), reported use of the leaves as an insect (moth) repellent. 26(3):151157. Scheffer, M.C. and C.M. However, its biomass can easily represent a cost‐effective source, which can be used for lignocellulosic biofuel production. Many of these are biologically active. Ecosyst. Ageratum album Berol. Bras. leaf (Ageratum conyzoides L.) with the concentration of 100% has the largest inhibition zone namely 16,25±0,66 mm and the inhibition zone is larger than control positive namely metrodinazole used as a comparison antibiotic from the extract of bandotan leaf (Ageratum conyzoides L.). Hoehnea 15:5362. Hemsl. Bul. Flavour Fragrance J. Antimicrobial activity of certain sudanese plants used in folkloric medicine: Screening for antibacterial activity, part II. The specific epithet "conyzoides" is derived from "kónyz," the Greek name of Inula helenium, which it resembles (Kissmann and Groth 1993). latifolium is diploid and A. conyzoides subsp. (1993) reported similar yields of precocene I in the essential oil of plants collected in Ghana. 28(1):4752. 57:578579. Medicinal Uses of Ageratum conyzoides The plant has been used in traditional folk medicine in Africa and South America to treat a variety of ailments. Ageratum conyzoides L., Asteraceae, is an annual herbaceous plant with a long history of traditional medicinal uses in several countries of the world and also has bioactivity with insecticidal and nematocidal acitivity. Jhansi, P. and C.G.K. Pu et al. ABSTRACT : The leaves of Ageratum conyzoides had been reportedly used in traditional medicine in the treatment of diarrhea. In Central Africa it is used to treat pneumonia, but the most common use is to cure wounds and burns (Durodola 1977). Pereira in 1929, cited by Jaccoud (1961), reported use of the leaves as an insect (moth) repellent. Ageratum conyzoides L. and Boerhaavia diffusa L. are important plants in many countries such as Asia ,West Africa, and South America respectively and these plants has been used for ages to treat various ailments [12,27]. ; A. latifolium Car. In Cameroon and Congo, traditional use is to treat fever, rheumatism, headache, and colic (Menut et al. Gravena, S., A. Coletti, and P.T. Table 1: Alkaloids identified in the hexane leaf extract of Ageratum conyzoides extract by gas chromatography method, showing their retention time (RT) and amount (mg/100g). In: Simposio de Plantas Medicinais do Brasil, Sao Paulo. Note hairs covering plant. Dicionário das plantas úteis do Brasil, 3 ed. 1989. 1994). and Cacalia mentrasto Vell. J. Indian Chem. 1965. leaf (Ageratum conyzoides L.) with the concentration of 100% has the largest inhibition zone namely 16,25±0,66 mm and the inhibition zone is larger than control positive namely metrodinazole used as a comparison antibiotic from the extract of bandotan leaf (Ageratum conyzoides … Leaves are used as a diuretic in urinary diseases, and in Mauritius, the leaves are used to treat … It is an herb that is 0.5–1 m. high, with ovate leaves 2–6 cm long, and flowers are white to mauve. Weed flora of winter vegetable of Satpura Plateau, region of Madhya Pradesh. Singh. This tropical species appears to be a valuable agricultural resource. People also do not understand the use of these leaves in the treatment to increase the platelet counts. web interface by Gonzales et al. While in Kenya East Africa, it is used in traditional medicine for antiasthmatic, antispasmodic and haemostatic effects (Sharma and Sharma 20… The studied samples showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids and some constituents of flavonoids, … Vol. ; A. humile Salisb. A paste made of the leaves mixed with equal amounts of Bidens pilosa, Drymaria cordata, Galinsoga parviflora and the rhizome of Zingiber officinale is used … Bul. The benefits of bandotan leaves … Matos, F.J.A. 8(1):14. Ageratum conyzoides L. (Compositae): Germinação, floração e ocorrência de derivados fenólicos em diferentes estádios de desenvolvimento. Ranges from 20 to 25°C ( Sauerborn and Koch 1988 ) found several alkaloids, cumarins, oils. Da droga e do extrato fluído de mentrasto, Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae! Weed ( Ageratum conyzoides and Eupatorium pauciflorum on predatory and phytophagous mites in citrus orchards in Guang and. 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